"Lec 8 - Nineteenth-Century Medicine: The Paris School of Medicine"Epidemics in Western Society Since 1600 (HIST 234) In the decades immediately following the French Revolution, Paris was at the center of a series of major developments in medical science, sometimes described as the transition from medieval to modern medicine. Although the innovations associated with the Paris School were in large part products of the ideological and institutional transformations brought on by the Revolution, they belong to a long list of challenges to the Galenic orthodoxy of "library medicine." Successive scientists and physicians had questioned the exclusive commitment of medicine to interpreting ancient texts; in the hospitals of Paris, a new medical epistemology, focused on empirical observation and the diagnosis of specific diseases, was put into practice. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Paris School of Medicine 03:48 - Chapter 2. Limitations of Humoralism and Galenism 14:47 - Chapter 3. Hospital Medicine 18:12 - Chapter 4. Institutional Foundations 21:58 - Chapter 5. Philosophical Foundations 30:24 - Chapter 6. Influences of the French Revolution 34:37 - Chapter 7. "Peu lire et beaucoup voir": Observation-Based Medicine 46:23 - Chapter 8. Effects of the Paris School Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
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