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Lec 30 - Esomeprazole as an Example of Drug Testing and Usage

"Lec 30 - Esomeprazole as an Example of Drug Testing and Usage" Freshman Organic Chemistry (CHEM 125) The chemical mode of action of omeprazole is expected to be insensitive to its stereochemistry, making clinical trials of the proposed virtues of a chiral switch crucial. Design of the clinical trials is discussed in the context of marketing. Otolaryngologist Dr. Dianne Duffey provides a clinician's perspective on the testing and marketing of pharmaceuticals, on the FDA approval process, on clinical trial system, on off-label uses, and on individual and institutional responsibility for evaluating pharmaceuticals. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: The Chemical Properties and Reactivity of Prilosec 06:58 - Chapter 2. The Economics of Clinical Trials 19:57 - Chapter 3. Duffey: How Do I Know that the Drug is Effective? 30:26 - Chapter 4. The Phases of Clinical Trials, Results for Esomeprazole and Omeprazole, and Off-Label Use 42:01 - Chapter 5. Pharmaceutical Marketing Mentality and Q&A Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008.

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Channels: Chemistry (General)

Tags: esomeprazole omeprazole racemate chiral switch clinical trial Prilosec

Uploaded by: ( Send Message ) on 05-09-2012. Dnatube suggest users to have interest in drug testing, mesothelioma, insurance, medical lawyers.

Duration: 50m 43s

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Lecture list for this course

Lec 1 - How Do You Know?

Lec 2 - Force Laws, Lewis Structures and Resonance

Lec 3 - Double Minima, Earnshaw's Theorem and Plum-Puddings

Lec 4 - Coping with Smallness and Scanning Probe Microscopy

Lec 5 - X-Ray Diffraction

Lec 6 - Seeing Bonds by Electron Difference Density

Lec 7 - Quantum Mechanical Kinetic Energy

Lec 8 - One-Dimensional Wave Functions

Lec 9 - Chladni Figures and One-Electron Atoms

Lec 10 - Reality and the Orbital Approximation

Lec 11 - Orbital Correction and Plum-Pudding Molecules

Lec 12 - Overlap and Atom-Pair Bonds

Lec 13 - Overlap and Energy-Match

Lec 14 - Checking Hybridization Theory with XH_3

Lec 15 - Chemical Reactivity: SOMO, HOMO, and LUMO

Lec 16 - Recognizing Functional Groups

Lec 17 - Reaction Analogies and Carbonyl Reactivity

Lec 18 - Amide, Carboxylic Acid and Alkyl Lithium

Lec 19 - Oxygen and the Chemical Revolution (Beginning to 1789)

Lec 20 - Rise of the Atomic Theory (1790-1805)

Lec 21 - Berzelius to Liebig and Wöhler (1805-1832)

Lec 22 - Radical and Type Theories (1832-1850)

Lec 23 - Valence Theory and Constitutional Structure (1858)

Lec 24 - Determining Chemical Structure by Isomer Counting (1869)

Lec 25 - Models in 3D Space (1869-1877); Optical Isomers

Lec 26 - Van't Hoff's Tetrahedral Carbon and Chirality

Lec 27 - Communicating Molecular Structure in Diagrams and Words

Lec 28 - Stereochemical Nomenclature; Racemization and Resolution

Lec 29 - Preparing Single Enantiomers and the Mechanism of Optical Rotation

Lec 31 - Preparing Single Enantiomers and Conformational Energy

Lec 32 - Stereotopicity and Baeyer Strain Theory

Lec 33 - Conformational Energy and Molecular Mechanics

Lec 34 - Sharpless Oxidation Catalysts and the Conformation of Cycloalkanes

Lec 35 - Understanding Molecular Structure and Energy through Standard Bonds

Lec 36 - Bond Energies, the Boltzmann Factor and Entropy

Lec Last - Potential Energy Surfaces, Transition State Theory and Reaction Mechanism

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