European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202) The disintegration of the Soviet Union resulted from a number of different factors. Three important ones are nationalism among Soviet satellite states, democratic opposition movements, and economic crisis. Along with these elements, the role of Mikhail Gorbachev should not be discounted. Although his attempt to reform communism was rejected, his reformist positions as Soviet premier helped open the way for full-fledged political dissidence. One of the major challenges faced by Europe in the wake of the collapse of communism has been that posed by ethnic nationalism, a problem that erupted violently in the Balkans in the 1990s. Immigration and the defense of human rights are two problems that now confront the United States, as well as a United Europe. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Fall of Communism: Nationalism, Democratic Reform, and Economic Change 16:47 - Chapter 2. The Dissolution of the Soviet System in the Satellite States of Eastern Europe 29:00 - Chapter 3. Globalization and Americanization in Europe 31:07 - Chapter 4. Immigration and the European Union 35:21 - Chapter 5. Human Rights in Europe and the United States Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
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Tags: communism Berlin Wall Soviet Union Russia globalization glasnost perestroika Reagan Ceausescu immigration emigration Hungary Czech Poland Solidarity Bulgaria Dubcek Krushchev liberalism free market Solzhenitsyn Walesa Hoxha Honecker Balkans nationalism ethnic America U.S.A human rights
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