Lec 6 - Maximilien Robespierre and the French Revolution. European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202) Robespierre's ascetic personal life and severe philosophy of political engagement are attributed by some to his difficult childhood. As a revolutionary, one of his most significant insights was that the Revolution was threatened not only by France's military adversaries abroad, but also by domestic counter-revolutionaries. Under this latter heading were gathered two major groups, urban mercantilists and rural peasants. Relative strength of religious commitment is the major factor in explaining why some regions of France rose up in defense of the monarchy while others supported the Revolution. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Trial of King Louis XVI and the Death of Marat: A Rock Opera 08:41 - Chapter 2. The Life of Maximilien Robespierre 18:30 - Chapter 3. The Jacobins and the Girondins 26:56 - Chapter 4. Counter-Revolutionary Forces: The Federalist Revolt and the Western Peasants 35:01 - Chapter 5. Revolutionary Fervor in Dechristianized Regions 40:32 - Chapter 6. The Terror: Robespierre's Attempt to Save the Revolution Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
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