Lec 9 - Middle Classes. European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202) The nineteenth century in Europe is, in many ways, synonymous with the rise of the bourgeoisie. It is misleading, however, to consider this newly dominant middle class as a homogenous group; rather, the century may be more accurately described in terms of the rise of plural middle classes. While the classes comprising this group were united by their search for power based on property rights rather than hereditary privilege, they were otherwise strikingly diverse. Contemporary stereotypes of the bourgeois as a grasping philistine ought to therefore be nuanced. Along with the real, undeniable cruelty of many capitalists with respect to their workers, the middle classes also pioneered the first philanthropic voluntary associations, broadened the reach of public education, and inspired the development of effective birth control. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Nineteenth Century, the Bourgeois Century 06:04 - Chapter 2. The Middle Class Work Ethic 10:57 - Chapter 3. Voluntary Organizations of the Middle Classes: Charity and Religion 15:49 - Chapter 4. Demographics of the Middle Class 20:39 - Chapter 5. Variations within the Bourgeoisie: From Financiers to Schoolteachers 35:18 - Chapter 6. The Homes of the Bourgeoisie: Common Cultural Accoutrements Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
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Tags: bourgeois petty bourgeoisie middle class self-identity Daumier clothing proletariat aristocracy commerce Marx culture philistinism money capital Manchester voluntary association religion Louis Philippe shopkeeper Balzac childhood privacy
Duration: 50m 35s
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