The Evolution and Perfection of Monetary Policy -Year 2008 Financial Markets (ECON 252) Central Banks, originally created as bankers' banks, implement monetary policy using their leverage over the supply of money and credit standards. Since the Bank of England was founded in 1694, through the gold standard which lasted until the 1930s, and into modern times, central banks have pursued monetary policy to stabilize the banking system. Central banks monitor currency flows and inflation, acting when crises, such as bank runs, emerged. More recently, central banks have taken an increasingly expansive role in stabilizing economic fluctuations. In the yet to be confirmed current recession, the Federal Reserve has used open market operations and innovative financial arrangements to try to forestall the recession and bail out failing financial institutions. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Thoughts on Icahn's Talk 04:49 - Chapter 2. The Gold Standard and the Earliest Central Bank 15:11 - Chapter 3. The Rise of the U.S. Federal Reserve System 25:30 - Chapter 4. The Abandonment of the Gold Standard and Adoption of Central Bank Autonomy 36:30 - Chapter 5. The Federal Funds Rate and Discount Rate 45:00 - Chapter 6. The Fed's Innovations against U.S. and Global Stagflation 01:00:47 - Chapter 7. A Trace though Recent Recessions and Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.
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Tags: Bank England Ben Bernanke central Federal Funds Rate Open Market Committee Reserve gold standard interest rates member banks monetary policy primary dealer requirements term auction facility securities loan treasury bill
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Lec 1-Year 2008 Finance and Insurance as Powerful Forces in Our
Lec 2 -Year 2008 - The Universal Principle of Risk Management: Pooling
Lec 3 -Year 2008 - Technology and Invention in Finance
Lec 4 -Year 2008 - Portfolio Diversification and Supporting Financial
Lec 5 -Year 2008 - Insurance: The Archetypal Risk Management
Lec 6 -Year 2008 - Efficient Markets vs. Excess Volatility
Lec 7 -Year 2008 - Behavioral Finance: The Role of Psychology
Lec 8 -Year 2008 - Human Foibles, Fraud, Manipulation, and Regulation
Lec 9 -Year 2008 - Guest Lecture by David Swensen
Lec 10 -Year 2008 - Debt Markets: Term Structure
Lec 12 -Year 2008 - Real Estate Finance and its Vulnerability to Crisis
Lec 13 -Year 2008 - Banking: Successes and Failures
Lec 14 -Year 2008 - Guest Lecture by Andrew Redleaf
Lec 15 -Year 2008 - Guest Lecture by Carl Icahn
Lec 17 -Year 2008 - Investment Banking and Secondary Markets
Lec 18 -Year 2008 - Professional Money Managers and Their Influence
Lec 19 -Year 2008 - Brokerage, ECNs, etc.
Lec 20 -Year 2008 - Guest Lecture by Stephen Schwarzman
Lec 21 -Year 2008 - Forwards and Futures
Lec 22 -Year 2008 - Stock Index, Oil and Other Futures Markets
Lec 23 -Year 2008 - Options Markets
Lec 24 -Year 2008 - Making It Work for Real People: The Democratization
Lec 25 -Year 2008 - Learning from and Responding to Financial Crisis I
Lec 26 -Year 2008 Learning from and Responding to Financial Crisis II