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Lec 5 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part III: Free will and near-death experiences

"Lec 5 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part III: Free will and near-death experiences" Death (PHIL 176) Professor Kagan discusses in detail the argument of free will as proof for the existence of an immaterial soul. The argument consists of three premises: 1) We have free will. 2) Nothing subject to determinism has free will. 3) All purely physical systems are subject to determinism. The conclusion drawn from this is that humans are not a purely physical system; but Professor Kagan explains why this argument is not truly compelling. In addition, near-death experiences and the Cartesian argument are discussed at length. 00:00 - Chapter 1. The Dualist's Stance on Free Will and the Soul's Existence 04:57 - Chapter 2. Determinism and Free Will Cannot Coexist -- Inspecting Incompatibility 15:22 - Chapter 3. Positing the Soul's Existence for Near-Death Experiences 28:14 - Chapter 4. Does a Physical Understanding of Supernatural Phenomena Exist? 36:33 - Chapter 5. Introduction to Descartes's Cartesian Argument: The Mind and the Body Are Not the Same 45:34 - Chapter 6. Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2007.

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Lecture list for this course

Lec 1 - Course introduction

Lec 2 - The nature of persons: dualism vs. physicalism

Lec 3 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part I

Lec 4 - Introduction to Plato's Phaedo; Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part II

Lec 6 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part IV; Plato, Part I

Lec 7 - Plato, Part II: Arguments for the immortality of the soul

Lec 8 - Plato, Part III: Arguments for the immortality of the soul (cont.)

Lec 9 - Plato, Part IV: Arguments for the immortality of the soul (cont.)

Lec 10 - Personal identity, Part I: Identity across space and time and the soul theory

Lec 11 - Personal identity, Part II: The body theory and the personality theory

Lec 12 - Personal identity, Part III: Objections to the personality theory

Lec 13 - Personal identity, Part IV; What matters?

Lec 14 - What matters (cont.); The nature of death, Part I

Lec 15 - The nature of death (cont.); Believing you will die

Lec 16 - Dying alone; The badness of death, Part I

Lec 17 - The badness of death, Part II: The deprivation account

Lec 18 - The badness of death, Part III; Immortality, Part I

Lec 19 - Immortality Part II; The value of life, Part I

Lec 20 - The value of life, Part II; Other bad aspects of death, Part I

Lec 21 - Other bad aspects of death, Part II

Lec 22 - Fear of death

Lec 23 - How to live given the certainty of death

Lec 24 - Suicide, Part I: The rationality of suicide

Lec 25 - Suicide, Part II: Deciding under uncertainty

Lec 26 - Suicide, Part III: The morality of suicide and course conclusion