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Lec 6 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part IV; Plato, Part I

"Lec 6 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part IV; Plato, Part I" Death (PHIL 176) The lecture begins with a continued discussion of the Cartesian argument and its weaknesses. The lecture then turns to Plato's metaphysical views in the context of his work, Phaedo. The key point in the discussion is the idea that in addition to the ordinary empirical world that we are familiar with, we posit the existence of a second realm in which the Platonic forms exist. These forms are the abstract properties that we attribute to physical objects, such as beauty, justice, goodness and so on. Since it is the soul that conceives of these Platonic forms and ideas, Plato argues that the soul not only outlives the body but lasts forever. It is perfect, immaterial and indestructible. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Summary of the Cartesian Argument 04:57 - Chapter 2. Refuting the Cartesian Argument: The Morning and Evening Stars 19:25 - Chapter 3. Platonic Forms and the Immortality of the Soul 31:27 - Chapter 4. Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2007.

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Tags: Cartesian argument Descartes interactionist Phaedo Platonic form Socrates Venus

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Duration: 35m 42s

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Lecture list for this course

Lec 1 - Course introduction

Lec 2 - The nature of persons: dualism vs. physicalism

Lec 3 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part I

Lec 4 - Introduction to Plato's Phaedo; Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part II

Lec 5 - Arguments for the existence of the soul, Part III: Free will and near-death experiences

Lec 7 - Plato, Part II: Arguments for the immortality of the soul

Lec 8 - Plato, Part III: Arguments for the immortality of the soul (cont.)

Lec 9 - Plato, Part IV: Arguments for the immortality of the soul (cont.)

Lec 10 - Personal identity, Part I: Identity across space and time and the soul theory

Lec 11 - Personal identity, Part II: The body theory and the personality theory

Lec 12 - Personal identity, Part III: Objections to the personality theory

Lec 13 - Personal identity, Part IV; What matters?

Lec 14 - What matters (cont.); The nature of death, Part I

Lec 15 - The nature of death (cont.); Believing you will die

Lec 16 - Dying alone; The badness of death, Part I

Lec 17 - The badness of death, Part II: The deprivation account

Lec 18 - The badness of death, Part III; Immortality, Part I

Lec 19 - Immortality Part II; The value of life, Part I

Lec 20 - The value of life, Part II; Other bad aspects of death, Part I

Lec 21 - Other bad aspects of death, Part II

Lec 22 - Fear of death

Lec 23 - How to live given the certainty of death

Lec 24 - Suicide, Part I: The rationality of suicide

Lec 25 - Suicide, Part II: Deciding under uncertainty

Lec 26 - Suicide, Part III: The morality of suicide and course conclusion

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