"Lec 15 -Islamic Conquests and Civil War"The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) In this lecture, Professor Freedman discusses the Islamic conquests. Although they were in some sense religiously motivated, Arab did not attempt to forcibly convert or eradicate Jews, Christians, or other non-Muslims. The conquests began as raids, but quickly escalated when the invaders discovered that Byzantium and Persia were too weak to withstand their assault. In a relatively short period of time, the Arabs were able to conquer an area stretching from Spain to India. Against this background of successful conquests, Islam began to experience deep internal divisions. These began as criticisms of the election of Mohammed's successors, but broadened to criticize the Caliphate and the ruling family. Out of this strife came the division between Sunni and Shiite Muslims. Professor Freedman concludes the lecture with observations on the increasingly non-Arab Muslim populations. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Apparent Paradoxes of Islamic Conquest 04:01 - Chapter 2. Mohammed's Successors and the Beginnings of Conquest 10:08 - Chapter 3. Factors Favoring Arab Conquest 18:43 - Chapter 4. Arab Conquests 25:05 - Chapter 5. Internal Divisions Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Fall 2011.
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Lec 1 -Course Introduction: Rome's Greatness and First Crises
Lec 2 - The Crisis of the Third Century and the Diocletianic Reforms
Lec 3 - Constantine and the Early Church
Lec 4 - The Christian Roman Empire
Lec 5 - St. Augustine's Confessions
Lec 6 -Transformation of the Roman Empire
Lec 9 -. The Reign of Justinian
Lec 10 - Clovis and the Franks
Lec 14 -Mohammed and the Arab Conquests
Lec 16 - The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: The Splendor of the Abbasid Period
Lec 17 - The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: The Crucial Seventh Century
Lec 18 - The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: The Splendor of Byzantium
Lec 19 -The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: Charlemagne
Lec 20 -1 The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: Intellectuals and the Court of Charlemagne
Lec 21 - The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000: Crisis of the Carolingians