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Lec 11 - Slavery and State Rights, Economies and Ways of Life: What Caused the Civil War?

"Lec 11 - Slavery and State Rights, Economies and Ways of Life: What Caused the Civil War?" The Civil War and Reconstruction (HIST 119) Professor Blight begins this lecture with an attempt to answer the question "why did the South secede in 1861?" Blight offers five possible answers to this question: preservation of slavery, "the fear thesis," southern nationalism, the "agrarian thesis," and the "honor thesis." After laying out the roots of secession, Blight focuses on the historical profession, suggesting some of the ways in which historians have attempted to explain the coming of the Civil War. Blight begins with James Ford Rhodes, a highly influential amateur historian in the late 19th century, and then introduces Charles and Mary Beard, whose economic interpretations of the Civil War had their heyday in the 1920s and 1930s. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Jefferson Davis's Defense of Secession 08:24 - Chapter 2. Fear? Southern Unity? Why Did the South Seceded 20:46 - Chapter 3. Agrarian Society? Honor? Why the South Seceded, Continued 34:19 - Chapter 4. Historiography of the Civil War, from Rhodes to Beard 48:36 - Chapter 5. Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2008.

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Tags: agrarian thesis Charles Mary Beard fear honor James Ford Rhodes racism Secession slavery southern nationalism

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Lecture list for this course

Lec 1 - Introductions: Why Does the Civil War Era Have a Hold on American Historical

Lec 2 - Southern Society: Slavery, King Cotton, and Antebellum America's

Lec 3 - A Southern World View: The Old South and Proslavery Ideology

Lec 4 - A Northern World View: Yankee Society, Antislavery Ideology and the Abolition Movement

Lec 5 - Telling a Free Story: Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Myth and Reality

Lec 6 - Expansion and Slavery: Legacies of the Mexican War and the Compromise of 1850

Lec 7 - A Hell of a Storm The Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Birth of the Republican Party

Lec 8 - Dred Scott, Bleeding Kansas, and the Impending Crisis of the Union, 1855-58

Lec 9 - John Brown's Holy War: Terrorist or Heroic Revolutionary?

Lec 10 - The Election of 1860 and the Secession Crisis

Lec 12 - And the War Came

Lec 13 - Terrible Swift Sword: The Period of Confederate Ascendency, 1861-1862

Lec 14 - Never Call Retreat: Military and Political Turning Points in 1863

Lec 15 - Lincoln, Leadership, and Race: Emancipation as Policy

Lec 16 - Days of Jubilee: The Meanings of Emancipation and Total War

Lec 17 - Homefronts and Battlefronts:

Lec 18 - - War So Terrible: Why the Union Won and the Confederacy Lost at Home and Abroad The Civil War and Reconstructi

Lec 19 - To Appomattox and Beyond: The End of the War and a Search for Meanings

Lec 20 - Wartime Reconstruction: Imagining the Aftermath and a Second American Republic

Lec 21 - Andrew Johnson and the Radicals: A Contest over the Meaning of Reconstruction

Lec 22 - Constitutional Crisis and Impeachment of a President

Lec 23 - Black Reconstruction in the South: The Freedpeople and the Economics of Land and Labor

Lec 24 - Retreat from Reconstruction: The Grant Era and Paths to

Lec 25 - The Civil War and Reconstruction Era

Lec 26 - Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory

Lec 27 - Legacies of the Civil War

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