Aprofound specialization

The last 50 years in the history of life sciences are remarkable for a new important feature that looks as a great threat for their future. Aprofound specialization dominating in quickly developing fields of science causes a crisis of the scientific method. The essence of the method is a unity of two elements, the experimental data and the theory that explains them. To us, fathers of science, classically, were the creators of new ideas and theories. They were the true experts of their own theories. It is only they who have the right to say: I am the theory. In other words, they were carriers of theories, of the theoretical knowledge. The fathers provided the necessary logical integrity to their theories, since theories in biology have still to be based on strict mathematical proofs. It is not true for sons. As a result of massive specialization, modern experts operate in very confined close spaces. They formulate particular rules far from the level of theory. The main theories of science are known to them only at the textbook level. Nowadays, nobody can say: I am the theory. With whom, then is it possible to discuss today on a broader theoretical level? How can a classical theory - for example, the membrane one - be changed or even disproved under these conditions? How can the sons with their narrow education catch sight of membrane theory defects? As a result, global theories have few critics and control. Due to specialization, we have lost the ability to work at the experimental level of biology within the correct or appropriate theoretical context. The scientific method in its classic form is now being rapidly eroded. Agood case can be made for Membrane Theory, to which we will largely refer throughout this article. Full text: http://www.actomyosin.spb.ru/fathersandsons.htm

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Channels: Sociology

Tags: cell physiology

Uploaded by: ( Send Message ) on 18-05-2009.

Duration: 1m 46s