"Lec 19 - Omega and the End of the Universe" Frontiers/Controversies in Astrophysics (ASTR 160) Class begins with a review of the issues previously addressed about the origin and fate of the universe. The role of gravity in the expansion of the universe is discussed and given as the reason why the rate of expansion cannot remain constant and will eventually slow down. The actual density of the universe is calculated using various methods. Finally, the unsolved problem of dark matter is addressed and two explanatory hypotheses are proposed. One is that the universe is comprised of WIMPs (Weakly Interactive Massive Particles) that fulfill two requirements: they have mass and do not interact with light. The second hypothesis is that dark matter is made of MACHOs (Massive Astrophysical Compact Halo Objects), which scientists have attempted to identify through gravitational lenses. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Review of Issues in Cosmology 08:28 - Chapter 2. Determining Mass 26:39 - Chapter 3. Dark Matter: WIMPs? 37:30 - Chapter 4. Dark Matter: MACHOs? Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2007.
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Tags: absolute magnitude Astrophysical Compact Halo Objects Big Crunch dark matter dynamical mass gravitational lensing Interactive Massive Particles Keplers laws light ratio MACHO neutrino Omega particle Weakly WIMP
Uploaded by: yalefrontcont ( Send Message ) on 02-09-2012.
Duration: 49m 10s
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Lec 1- Introduction to Frontiers Controversies in Astrophysics
Lec 3 - Our Solar System and the Pluto Problem
Lec 4 - Discovering Exoplanets: Hot Jupiters
Lec 6 - Microlensing, Astrometry and Other Methods
Lec 7 - Direct Imaging of Exoplanets
Lec 8 - Introduction to Black Holes
Lec 9 - Special and General Relativity
Lec 11 - Special and General Relativity (cont.)
Lec 12 - Stellar Mass Black Holes
Lec 13 - Stellar Mass Black Holes (cont.)
Lec 15 - Supermassive Black Holes
Lec 16 - Hubble's Law and the Big Bang
Lec 17 - Hubble's Law and the Big Bang (cont.)
Lec 18- Hubble's Law and the Big Bang (cont.)
Lec 21 - Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe and the Big Rip
Lec 23 - Other Constraints: The Cosmic Microwave Background