ATP Synthase

ATP synthase (also known as FoF1-ATP synthase) is a multisubunit integral membrane protein that produce ATP from ADP and Pi using the energy of transmembrane electrochemical potential difference of proton (or sodium ion in some cases). The enzyme is found in bacterial plasma membrane, in thylakoid membrane (chloroplast ATP synthase) and in inner mitochondrial membrane. The main function of the enzyme is ATP production. However, in some cases (especially in bacteria) the enzyme works in the reverse direction, acting as an ATP-driven proton pump that generates the transmembrane electrochemical potential difference of proton.

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Channels: Cell Biology

Tags: ATP Synthase Cell Biology FoF1

Uploaded by: ( Send Message ) on 13-11-2010.

Duration: 3m 45s