"Lec 22 - An Unsettled Settlement: The Restoration Era, 1660-1688"Early Modern England: Politics, Religion, and Society under the Tudors and Stuarts (HIST 251) In this lecture Professor Wrightson discusses the Restoration settlement of 1660 and the reigns of Charles II and James II. He highlights the manner in which tensions between the crown and the political nation slowly escalated during Charles's reign (as a result of his attempts to grant religious toleration, unpopular wars against the Dutch and diplomatic alliances with France). Charles showed himself to be a shrewd politician and managed to contain these tensions, but the situation became increasingly fraught after the alleged 'Popish Plot' precipitated the 'Exclusion Crisis' of 1679-81 and the emergence of the 'Whig' and 'Tory' parties. Charles faced down the threat to his authority successfully. However, he was succeeded in 1685 by his openly Catholic brother James II, who proved politically inept and unable to build on Charles' success. Fears of James' catholicizing and absolutist intentions erupted in 1688 in the 'Glorious revolution,' when the Dutch leader William of Orange (husband of James' daughter Mary) was invited to intervene, leading in James' flight abroad and the offer of the crown to William and Mary. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Restoration: Convention Parliament 04:42 - Chapter 2. Cavalier Parliament 09:10 - Chapter 3. Charles II 20:38 - Chapter 4. The Exclusion Crisis 33:02 - Chapter 5. James II Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2009.
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Tags: Lec 22 - An Unsettled Settlement: The Restoration Era, 1660-1688
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Lec 2 -The Tree of Commonwealth
Lec 3 - Households: Structures, Priorities, Strategies, Roles
Lec 4 - Communities: Key Institutions and Relationships
Lec 6 - The Structures of Power
Lec 7 - Late Medieval Religion and Its Critics
Lec 8 -Reformation and Division, 1530-1558
Lec 10 -The Elizabethan Confessional State: Conformity, Papists and Puritans
Lec 12 -Economic Expansion, 1560-1640
Lec 13 - A Polarizing Society, 1560-1640
Lec 17 - Education and Literacy
Lec 18 -Street Wars of Religion: Puritans and Arminians
Lec 19 -Crown and Political Nation, 1604-1640
Lec 20 -Constitutional Revolution and Civil War, 1640-1646
Lec 21 - Regicide and Republic, 1647-1660
Lec 23 - England, Britain, and the World: Economic Development, 1660-1720
Lec 24 - Refashioning the State, 1688-1714