"Lec 10 - Dynamic Present Value" Financial Theory (ECON 251) In this lecture we move from present values to dynamic present values. If interest rates evolve along the forward curve, then the present value of the remaining cash flows of any instrument will evolve in a predictable trajectory. The fastest way to compute these is by backward induction. Dynamic present values help us understand the returns of various trading strategies, and how marking-to-market can prevent some subtle abuses of the system. They explain how mortgages work, why they're called amortizing, and what is meant by the remaining balance. In the second half of the lecture we turn to an important application of present value thinking: an analysis of the troubles facing the Social Security system. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Dynamic Present Values 08:49 - Chapter 2. Marking to Market 39:53 - Chapter 3. Mortgages and Backward Induction 50:42 - Chapter 4. Remaining Balances and Amortization 54:52 - Chapter 5. Weaknesses in the U.S. Social Security System Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2009.
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Tags: Lec 10 - Dynamic Present Value
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Lec 2- Utilities, Endowments, and Equilibrium
Lec 4- Efficiency, Assets, and Time
Lec 5- Present Value Prices and the Real Rate of Interest
Lec 6 - Irving Fisher's Impatience Theory of Interest
Lec 7 - Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice and Collateral, Present Value and the Vocabulary of Finance
Lec 8 - How a Long-Lived Institution Figures an Annual Budget. Yield
Lec 12 - Overlapping Generations Models of the Economy
Lec 13 - Demography and Asset Pricing: Will the Stock Market Decline when the Baby Boomers Retire?
Lec 14 - Quantifying Uncertainty and Risk
Lec 15 - Uncertainty and the Rational Expectations Hypothesis
Lec 16 - Backward Induction and Optimal Stopping Times
Lec 17 - Callable Bonds and the Mortgage Prepayment Option
Lec 18 - Modeling Mortgage Prepayments and Valuing Mortgages
Lec 19 - History of the Mortgage Market: A Personal Narrative
Lec 21 - Dynamic Hedging and Average Life
Lec 22 - Risk Aversion and the Capital Asset Pricing Theorem
Lec 23 - The Mutual Fund Theorem and Covariance Pricing Theorems
Lec 24 - Risk, Return, and Social Security
Lec 25 - The Leverage Cycle and the Subprime Mortgage Crisis