"Lec Last - Selfishness and Altruism" Principles of Evolution, Ecology and Behavior (EEB 122) Originally, altruism and self-sacrifice were thought to be incompatible with natural selection, even by Darwin. Now we have several explanations for how altruism can increase an individual's fitness. One is kin selection, or the idea that helping relatives can help increase one's genes in the population. Another involves ecological constraints and punishments. Here, individuals contribute to the group and wait their turn to reproduce. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction 01:49 - Chapter 2. Group Selection 07:24 - Chapter 3. Kin Selection 18:19 - Chapter 4. Ecological Constraints and Punishments 22:51 - Chapter 5. Reciprocal Altruism 28:21 - Chapter 6. Conclusion Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
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Tags: Behavior evolution ecology selfishness altruism sacrifice selection kin constraints punishment fitness cooperation mutualism help relationship
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Lec 1 - The Nature of Evolution: Selection, Inheritance, and History
Lec 2 - Basic Transmission Genetics
Lec 3 - Adaptive Evolution: Natural Selection
Lec 4 - Neutral Evolution: Genetic Drift
Lec 5 - How Selection Changes the Genetic Composition of Population
Lec 6 - The Origin and Maintenance of Genetic Variation
Lec 7 - The Importance of Development in Evolution
Lec 8 - The Expression of Variation: Reaction Norms
Lec 11 - Life History Evolution
Lec 14 - Species and Speciation
Lec 15 - Phylogeny and Systematics
Lec 16 - Comparative Methods: Trees, Maps, and Traits
Lec 17 - Key Events in Evolution
Lec 18 - Major Events in the Geological Theatre
Lec 19 - The Fossil Record and Life's History
Lec 21 - Evolutionary Medicine
Lec 22 - The Impact of Evolutionary Thought on the Social Sciences
Lec 24 - Climate and the Distribution of Life on Earth
Lec 25 - Interactions with the Physical Environment
Lec 26 - Population Growth: Density Effects
Lec 27 - Interspecific Competition
Lec 28 - Ecological Communities
Lec 29 - Island Biogeography and Invasive Species
Lec 30 - Energy and Matter in Ecosystems
Lec 31 - Why So Many Species? The Factors Affecting Biodiversity
Lec 32 - Economic Decisions for the Foraging Individual
Lec 33 - Evolutionary Game Theory: Fighting and Contests
Lec 34 - Mating Systems and Parental Care