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Detailed explanation of mRNA Translation

mRNA Translation. Translation of mRNA Proteins are synthesized from mRNA templates by a process that has been highly conserved throughout evolution (reviewed in Chapter 3). All mRNAs are read in the 5´ to 3´ direction, and polypeptide chains are synthesized from the amino to the carboxy terminus. Each amino acid is specified by three bases (a codon) in the mRNA, according to a nearly universal genetic code. The basic mechanics of protein synthesis are also the same in all cells: Translation is carried out on ribosomes, with tRNAs serving as adaptors between the mRNA template and the amino acids being incorporated into protein. Protein synthesis thus involves interactions between three types of RNA molecules (mRNA templates, tRNAs, and rRNAs), as well as various proteins that are required for translation. Read more: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK9849/

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Channels: Genetics Molecular Genetics

Tags: mRNA Translation

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